Sunday, March 15, 2020
More Answers to Questions About Commas #2 More Answers to Questions About Commas #2 More Answers to Questions About Commas #2 By Mark Nichol Here are three recent questions from readers about the use of commas, along with my responses. 1. Can you tell me why there should be a comma in this sentence: Ã¢â¬Å"Such programs will also reduce operations costs and indemnity payments, and improve communications between employer and employee.Ã¢â¬ It seems like there shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be, because these arenÃ¢â¬â¢t two independent clauses. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s common for writers to insert a comma before a conjunction in a sentence when the conjunction does not begin a new clause but the phrases before and after it include their own conjunctions. This effort to make the sentenceÃ¢â¬â¢s organization more obvious is not wrong, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s unnecessary. The sentence structure becomes clearer if the first verb, the one thatÃ¢â¬â¢s overworked in its efforts to support the entire sentence, is relieved by being repeated in a parallel position after the major conjunction: Ã¢â¬Å"Such programs will also reduce operations costs and indemnity payments and will improve communications between employer and employee.Ã¢â¬ 2. I saw this sentence in one of your posts lately: Ã¢â¬Å"It enables individuals and groups to meet online to collaborate, and to share presentations, applications, or their entire desktop, while increasing reliability and security and reducing costs.Ã¢â¬ Why is there a comma after collaborate? The first comma in this sentence does not have the same function as the extraneous one in the previous example. It is the first in a pair of commas that mark a parenthetical. The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"and to share presentations, applications, or their entire desktopÃ¢â¬ may be omitted from the sentence, and the remaining statement will still be grammatically sound. 3. In Ã¢â¬Å"Our vision statement is a succinct way of explaining our purpose to others, be it our own staff, our residents or community clients or the wider public,Ã¢â¬ the two ors make it clunky to me. The or between Ã¢â¬Å"our residentsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"community clientsÃ¢â¬ signals that the sentence is about to end, and then theres another or! Should I have a comma in there somewhere? If your style calls for serial commas (Ã¢â¬Å"a, b, and cÃ¢â¬ ), insert a comma after clients: Ã¢â¬Å"Our vision statement is a succinct way of explaining our purpose to others, be it our own staff, our residents or community clients, or the wider public.Ã¢â¬ If not (Ã¢â¬Å"a, b and cÃ¢â¬ ), leave it as is. However, if that solution seems clumsy to you (I donÃ¢â¬â¢t find the final or confusing), separate Ã¢â¬Å"our residents or community clientsÃ¢â¬ into two items: Ã¢â¬Å"Our vision statement is a succinct way of explaining our purpose to others, be it our own staff, our residents, our community clients or the wider public.Ã¢â¬ (Insert a comma after clients, or donÃ¢â¬â¢t, depending on whether you insert or omit serial commas.) Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Punctuation category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:36 Adjectives Describing LightHang, Hung, HangedOne Scissor?
Posted by Marley See at 2:36 AM